Counts and dukes of Maine

The capital of Maine was Le Mans. In the thirteenth century it was annexed by France to the royal domain.

Dukes of Maine (duces Cenomannici)[edit]

  • Charivius (fl. 723) – appears as dux in a document of 723. Controlled twelve counties and the Diocese of Le Mans
  • Grifo (748–749) – given the twelve counties of Maine by his brother, Pepin the Short, as appeasement, but rebelled the next year.
  • Charles the Younger (790–811) – given the ducatus Cenomannicus to govern by his father, Charlemagne.
  • Lothair I (817–831) – given the ducatus as part of a division of the realm by his father, Louis the Pious.
  • Pepin I (831–838) – given the ducatus as part of a re-division of the realm by his father, Louis the Pious.
  • Charles the Bald (838–851) – given the ducatus on the death of Pepin by their father, Louis the Pious.
  • Robert the Strong (851/3–856) – given Maine, Anjou, and Touraine as dux and missus dominicus. Rebelled in 856.
  • Louis the Stammerer (856–858) – granted the twelve counties and a court at Le Mans by his father, Charles the Bald, until chased away by Breton rebels.

Counts of Maine[edit]

Dukes of Maine (ducs du Maine)[edit]

In 1673, the title began to be used again. It was revived by Louis XIV for his first illegitimate son by his chief mistress, Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. He used it until his death and also founded the semi-royal house of Bourbon du Maine, named after his title.