Edward Lloyd (Governor of Maryland)

Edward Lloyd V
Oil painting of Edward Lloyd V
by Florence MacKubin (1906)
United States Senator
from Maryland
In office
March 4, 1819 – January 14, 1826
Preceded byRobert H. Goldsborough
Succeeded byEzekiel F. Chambers
13th Governor of Maryland
In office
June 9, 1809 – November 16, 1811
Preceded byRobert Wright
Succeeded byRobert Bowie
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 7th district
In office
December 3, 1806 – March 3, 1809
Preceded byJoseph H. Nicholson
Succeeded byJohn Brown
Member of the Maryland House of Delegates
In office
Member of the Maryland Senate
In office
Personal details
Born(1779-07-22)July 22, 1779
Talbot County, Maryland
DiedJune 2, 1834(1834-06-02) (aged 54)
Annapolis, Maryland
Political partyDemocratic-Republican, Jacksonian
SpouseSally Scott Murray
RelativesEdward Lloyd II (great-grandfather)
John Tayloe II (great-grandfather)

Edward Lloyd V (July 22, 1779 – June 2, 1834) was an American politician and slaveholder. He served as the 13th Governor of Maryland from 1809 to 1811, and as a United States Senator from Maryland between 1819 and 1826. He also served as a U.S. Congressman from the seventh district of Maryland from 1807 to 1809. Frederick Douglass described the life of the enslaved people forced to work on his plantation.

Life and career[edit]

Born in 1779 at "Wye House", Talbot County, Maryland, he was a member of a prominent Eastern Shore family, "the Lloyds of Wye," which had lived in Talbot County since the mid-17th century. His father Edward Lloyd IV was a member of the Continental Congress and his mother Elizabeth Tayloe was the daughter of John Tayloe II of Mount Airy. He received early education from private tutors.

Lloyd served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1800 to 1805. He was elected to the Ninth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Joseph H. Nicholson and was reelected to the Tenth Congress, serving from December 3, 1806, to March 3, 1809. In 1808, Lloyd was elected as Governor of Maryland, a position he served in from 1809 to 1811.

During this period Lloyd traded a Merino ram for "Sailor," a male Newfoundland that had a reputation for spectacularly enthusiastic water dog retrieving of ducks. The dog was bred with other retrievers at Lloyd's estate on the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay. Sailor is now considered the "father" of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever line.[1]

Lloyd was commissioned a lieutenant colonel of the Ninth Regiment of Maryland Militia and also served as a member of the Maryland State Senate from 1811 to 1815. He was elected as a Democratic Republican (later Crawford Republican, then Jacksonian) to the United States Senate in 1819, was reelected in 1825, and served from March 4, 1819, until his resignation on January 14, 1826. In the Senate, Lloyd served as chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia (Eighteenth and Nineteenth Congresses).

Later in life, Lloyd served as member of the Maryland State Senate from 1826 to 1831, and as President of the Senate in 1826. He died in Annapolis, Maryland, and is interred in the family burying ground at Wye House near Easton, Maryland.

Description by Frederick Douglass[edit]

Illustration from Life and Times of Frederick Douglass showing Lloyd whipping Old Barney

Lloyd was an important slaveholder and vocal defender of the institution of slavery throughout his political career. He owned 468 people in 1832.[2]

The African-American abolitionist Frederick Douglass, who had grown up as a slave on one of Lloyd's plantations, discussed Lloyd in his 1845 autobiography The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. The book describes the acts of cruelty committed by Lloyd's overseers, and dwells at length on Lloyd's own despotic treatment, including whippings of two slaves caring for his horses:

To all these complaints no matter how unjust, the slave must answer never a word. Colonel Lloyd could not brook any contradiction from a slave. When he spoke, a slave must stand, listen, and tremble; and such was literally the case. I have seen Colonel Lloyd make old Barney, a man between fifty and sixty years of age, uncover his bald head, kneel down upon the cold, damp ground, and receive upon his naked and toil-worn shoulders more than thirty lashes at the time.[3]


  1. ^ – The Story – amchessieclub.org – Retrieved November 15, 2007 Archived October 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Duncan-Smith, Nicole (17 January 2022). "Report Finds Over 1,700 Elected Officials Were Once Slaveholders, One Senator Owned a Plantation with Over 400 Enslaved Africans". Atlanta Black Star. Yahoo News. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  3. ^ The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass An American Slave Full copy at Project Gutenberg

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 7th congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Maryland
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of the Maryland State Senate
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. senator (Class 3) from Maryland
Served alongside: Alexander C. Hanson, William Pinkney, Samuel Smith
Succeeded by