List of municipalities in Maine

Maine is a state located in Northeastern United States. According to the 2010 United States Census, Maine is the 9th least populous state, with 1,372,247 inhabitants, and the 12th smallest by land area spanning 30,842.92 square miles (79,882.8 km2) of land.[1] Maine is divided into 16 counties and contains 483 municipalities consisting of cities, towns, and plantations.[2]

As of 2022, Maine has 23 incorporated cities, 430 towns, and 30 plantations, listed in the below tables.

List of cities[edit]


The list, for each city, shows the population in 2010, the population estimate of 2019, the growth/shrinking percentage between the three, and the date of incorporation as a city.

 †  County seat
 ††  State capital and county seat

Rank City County Population Incorporation Land area (sq mi) Population density (per sq mi)
2020 Census 2010 Census Change Town City
1 Portland † Cumberland 68,408 66,194 +3.3% 1786 1833 21.6 3,167
2 Lewiston Androscoggin 37,121 36,592 +1.4% 1795 1862 34.2 1,085
3 Bangor † Penobscot 31,753 33,039 −3.9% 1791 1834 34.3 926
4 South Portland Cumberland 26,498 25,002 +6.0% 1895 1898 12.1 2,190
5 Auburn † Androscoggin 24,061 23,055 +4.4% 1842 1868 59.3 406
6 Biddeford York 22,552 21,277 +2.0% 1653 1855 30.1 749
7 Sanford York 21,982 20,798 +5.7% 1768 2013 47.8 460
8 Westbrook Cumberland 20,400 17,494 +16.6% 1775 1867 17.2 528
9 Saco York 20,381 18,482 +10.3% 1814 1891 38.6 1,185
10 Augusta †† Kennebec 18,899 19,136 −1.2% 1797 1849 55.2 342
11 Waterville Kennebec 15,828 15,722 +0.7% 1802 1888 13.5 1,172
12 Brewer Penobscot 9,672 9,482 +2.0% 1812 1889 15.2 636
13 Presque Isle Aroostook 8,797 9,692 −9.2% 1859 1940 75.8 116
14 Bath † Sagadahoc 8,766 8,514 +3.0 1781 1847 9.1 963
15 Ellsworth † Hancock 8,399 7,741 +8.5% 1800 1869 79.3 105
16 Caribou Aroostook 7,396 8,189 −9.7% 1859 1967 79.3 93
17 Old Town Penobscot 7,431 7,840 −5.2% 1840 1891 38.8 192
18 Belfast † Waldo 6,938 6,668 +4.0% 1848 1854 12.8 542
19 Rockland † Knox 6,936 7,297 −4.9% 1773 1850 34.0 204
20 Gardiner Kennebec 5,961 5,800 −2.8% 1803 1849 15.7 379
21 Calais Washington 3,079 3,123 −1.4% 1809 1850 34.3 90
22 Hallowell Kennebec 2,570 2,381 +7.9% 1771 1852 5.9 436
23 Eastport Washington 1,288 1,331 −3.2% 1798 1893 3.6 358

List of towns[edit]

This is a list of incorporated towns in Maine presented in a table sortable by name, county, or population.

 †  County seat

Town County Population Land area (sq mi)
2020 Census
Abbot Piscataquis 650 34.5
Acton York 2,671 37.7
Addison Washington 1,148 42.4
Albion Kennebec 2,006 38.8
Alexander Washington 525 40.1
Alfred † York 3,073 27.3
Allagash Aroostook 237 128.6
Alna Lincoln 710 20.9
Alton Penobscot 829 42.3
Amherst Hancock 248 39.3
Amity Aroostook 253 41.7
Andover Oxford 752 57.4
Anson Somerset 2,291 47.5
Appleton Knox 1,411 32.7
Arrowsic Sagadahoc 477 7.8
Arundel York 4,264 23.9
Ashland Aroostook 1,202 80.4
Athens Somerset 952 43.6
Aurora Hancock 93 37.7
Avon Franklin 450 41.4
Baileyville Washington 1,318 37.2
Baldwin Cumberland 1,520 35.3
Bar Harbor Hancock 5,098 42.2
Beals Washington 443 5.6
Beaver Cove Piscataquis 133 31.9
Beddington Washington 60 34.6
Belgrade Kennebec 3,250 43.2
Belmont Waldo 976 13.6
Benton Kennebec 2,715 28.4
Berwick York 7,950 37.5
Bethel Oxford 2,504 64.6
Bingham Somerset 866 34.9
Blaine Aroostook 667 18.6
Blue Hill Hancock 2,792 62.5
Boothbay Lincoln 3,003 21.9
Boothbay Harbor Lincoln 2,027 5.7
Bowdoin Sagadahoc 3,136 43.5
Bowdoinham Sagadahoc 3,047 34.4
Bowerbank Piscataquis 136 41.9
Bradford Penobscot 1,184 41.2
Bradley Penobscot 1,532 49.5
Bremen Lincoln 823 16.5
Bridgewater Aroostook 532 38.8
Bridgton Cumberland 5,418 56.8
Bristol Lincoln 2,834 34.0
Brooklin Hancock 827 17.9
Brooks Waldo 1,010 24.7
Brooksville Hancock 935 31.1
Brownfield Oxford 1,631 44.5
Brownville Piscataquis 1,139 44.0
Brunswick Cumberland 21,756 46.7
Buckfield Oxford 1,983 37.5
Bucksport Hancock 4,944 51.5
Burlington Penobscot 373 54.0
Burnham Waldo 1,096 38.9
Buxton York 8,376 52.2
Byron Oxford 103 51.8
Cambridge Somerset 443 19.3
Camden Knox 5,232 18.2
Canaan Somerset 2,193 41.2
Canton Oxford 1,125 29.1
Cape Elizabeth Cumberland 9,535 14.7
Caratunk Somerset 81 52.3
Carmel Penobscot 2,867 36.5
Carrabassett Valley Franklin 673 77.5
Carthage Franklin 509 33.3
Casco Cumberland 3,646 31.2
Castine Hancock 1,320 7.8
Castle Hill Aroostook 373 35.7
Caswell Aroostook 293 41.3
Chapman Aroostook 491 38.4
Charleston Penobscot 1,551 40.6
Charlotte Washington 337 31.0
Chebeague Island Cumberland 396 3.6
Chelsea Kennebec 2,778 19.5
Cherryfield Washington 1,107 44.4
Chester Penobscot 549 45.8
Chesterville Franklin 1,328 36.2
China Kennebec 4,408 49.9
Clifton Penobscot 840 34.5
Clinton Kennebec 3,370 43.9
Columbia Washington 435 36.3
Columbia Falls Washington 476 24.6
Cooper Washington 168 30.7
Corinna Penobscot 2,221 38.7
Corinth Penobscot 2,900 40.3
Cornish York 1,508 22.2
Cornville Somerset 1,317 40.7
Cranberry Isles Hancock 160 3.2
Crawford Washington 93 34.5
Crystal Aroostook 248 40.4
Cumberland Cumberland 8,473 22.9
Cushing Knox 1,502 19.2
Cutler Washington 524 47.0
Damariscotta Lincoln 2,297 12.4
Danforth Washington 587 54.0
Dayton York 2,129 17.9
Deblois Washington 74 35.9
Dedham Hancock 1,648 39.3
Deer Isle Hancock 2,194 29.7
Denmark Oxford 1,197 46.1
Dennysville Washington 300 14.9
Detroit Somerset 885 20.3
Dexter Penobscot 3,803 35.1
Dixfield Oxford 2,253 41.3
Dixmont Penobscot 1,211 36.3
Dover-Foxcroft † Piscataquis 4,422 67.8
Dresden Lincoln 1,725 30.5
Durham Androscoggin 4,173 38.3
Dyer Brook Aroostook 215 38.5
Eagle Lake Aroostook 772 37.4
East Machias Washington 1,326 34.8
East Millinocket Penobscot 1,572 7.1
Eastbrook Hancock 424 33.4
Easton Aroostook 1,320 38.7
Eddington Penobscot 2,194 25.0
Edgecomb Lincoln 1,188 18.1
Edinburg Penobscot 134 35.0
Eliot York 6,717 19.8
Embden Somerset 902 39.6
Enfield Penobscot 1,435 27.7
Etna Penobscot 1,226 24.8
Eustis Franklin 641 39.1
Exeter Penobscot 963 38.6
Fairfield Somerset 6,484 53.8
Falmouth Cumberland 12,444 29.4
Farmingdale Kennebec 2,995 11.2
Farmington † Franklin 7,592 55.7
Fayette Kennebec 1,160 29.2
Fort Fairfield Aroostook 3,322 76.7
Fort Kent Aroostook 4,067 54.2
Frankfort Waldo 1,231 24.6
Franklin Hancock 1,567 36.5
Freedom Waldo 711 21.5
Freeport Cumberland 8,737 34.7
Frenchboro Hancock 29 4.8
Frenchville Aroostook 1,052 28.7
Friendship Knox 1,142 14.1
Frye Island Cumberland 32 1.3
Fryeburg Oxford 3,369 58.3
Garland Penobscot 1,026 37.7
Georgetown Sagadahoc 1,058 18.6
Gilead Oxford 195 18.9
Glenburn Penobscot 4,648 27.2
Gorham Cumberland 18,336 50.6
Gouldsboro Hancock 1,703 52.8
Grand Isle Aroostook 366 34.6
Gray Cumberland 8,269 43.3
Great Pond Hancock 61 37.8
Greenbush Penobscot 1,444 43.8
Greene Androscoggin 4,376 32.3
Greenville Piscataquis 1,437 42.3
Greenwood Oxford 774 41.7
Guilford Piscataquis 1,267 34.9
Hamlin Aroostook 166 23.4
Hammond Aroostook 91 39.1
Hampden Penobscot 7,709 37.9
Hancock Hancock 2,466 30.0
Hanover Oxford 286 7.0
Harmony Somerset 825 38.7
Harpswell Cumberland 5,031 24.2
Harrington Washington 962 21.1
Harrison Cumberland 2,447 33.1
Hartford Oxford 1,203 43.9
Hartland Somerset 1,705 37.1
Haynesville Aroostook 97 41.4
Hebron Oxford 1,223 22.4
Hermon Penobscot 6,461 35.9
Hersey Aroostook 73 39.7
Hiram Oxford 1,609 37.6
Hodgdon Aroostook 1,290 39.8
Holden Penobscot 3,277 31.3
Hollis York 4,745 32.0
Hope Knox 1,698 22.0
Houlton † Aroostook 6,055 36.7
Howland Penobscot 1,094 34.9
Hudson Penobscot 1,416 37.6
Industry Franklin 788 29.8
Island Falls Aroostook 758 36.0
Isle au Haut Knox 92 12.5
Islesboro Waldo 583 14.3
Jackman Somerset 782 41.3
Jackson Waldo 610 25.3
Jay Franklin 4,620 48.4
Jefferson Lincoln 2,551 52.6
Jonesboro Washington 579 36.6
Jonesport Washington 1,245 28.5
Kenduskeag Penobscot 1,346 16.8
Kennebunk York 11,536 35.1
Kennebunkport York 3,629 18.6
Kingfield Franklin 960 43.1
Kittery York 10,070 17.8
Knox Waldo 811 29.0
Lagrange Penobscot 635 49.5
Lakeville Penobscot 104 58.3
Lamoine Hancock 1,720 17.8
Lebanon York 6,469 55.0
Lee Penobscot 916 38.7
Leeds Androscoggin 2,262 40.1
Levant Penobscot 2,940 30.1
Liberty Waldo 934 26.0
Limerick York 3,188 27.1
Limestone Aroostook 1,526 40.5
Limington York 3,892 41.9
Lincoln Penobscot 4,853 67.8
Lincolnville Waldo 2,312 37.3
Linneus Aroostook 947 44.3
Lisbon Androscoggin 9,711 22.8
Litchfield Kennebec 3,586 37.4
Littleton Aroostook 997 38.4
Livermore Androscoggin 2,127 37.6
Livermore Falls Androscoggin 3,060 19.7
Long Island Cumberland 234 1.4
Lovell Oxford 1,104 43.2
Lowell Penobscot 368 38.3
Lubec Washington 1,237 33.3
Ludlow Aroostook 434 22.0
Lyman York 4,525 39.0
Machias † Washington 2,060 13.9
Machiasport Washington 962 21.4
Madawaska Aroostook 3,867 55.6
Madison Somerset 4,726 51.9
Manchester Kennebec 2,456 21.4
Mapleton Aroostook 1,886 34.0
Mariaville Hancock 472 38.7
Mars Hill Aroostook 1,360 35.1
Marshfield Washington 528 17.0
Masardis Aroostook 204 38.7
Mattawamkeag Penobscot 596 37.7
Maxfield Penobscot 89 18.9
Mechanic Falls Androscoggin 3,107 11.0
Meddybemps Washington 139 13.1
Medford Piscataquis 230 42.3
Medway Penobscot 1,187 41.0
Mercer Somerset 709 26.7
Merrill Aroostook 208 37.4
Mexico Oxford 2,756 23.3
Milbridge Washington 1,375 24.3
Milford Penobscot 3,069 45.6
Millinocket Penobscot 4,114 16.0
Milo Piscataquis 2,251 33.0
Minot Androscoggin 2,251 29.6
Monmouth Kennebec 4,066 34.0
Monroe Waldo 931 38.9
Monson Piscataquis 609 46.8
Monticello Aroostook 737 38.2
Montville Waldo 1,020 42.7
Moose River Somerset 188 40.1
Morrill Waldo 971 16.6
Moscow Somerset 475 45.9
Mount Chase Penobscot 187 36.7
Mount Desert Hancock 2,146 36.9
Mount Vernon Kennebec 1,721 37.9
Naples Cumberland 3,925 31.8
New Canada Aroostook 310 35.8
New Gloucester Cumberland 5,676 47.1
New Limerick Aroostook 574 18.4
New Portland Somerset 765 43.9
New Sharon Franklin 1,458 46.2
New Sweden Aroostook 577 34.6
New Vineyard Franklin 721 35.7
Newburgh Penobscot 1,595 31.0
Newcastle Lincoln 1,848 29.1
Newfield York 1,648 32.3
Newport Penobscot 3,133 29.5
Newry Oxford 411 61.5
Nobleboro Lincoln 1,791 18.9
Norridgewock Somerset 3,278 50.0
North Berwick York 4,978 38.0
North Haven Knox 417 11.6
North Yarmouth Cumberland 4,072 21.2
Northfield Washington 178 43.6
Northport Waldo 1,550 23.8
Norway Oxford 5,077 45.0
Oakfield Aroostook 661 35.2
Oakland Kennebec 6,230 25.7
Ogunquit York 1,577 4.2
Old Orchard Beach York 8,960 7.4
Orient Aroostook 156 35.5
Orland Hancock 2,221 47.0
Orono Penobscot 11,183 18.2
Orrington Penobscot 3,812 25.0
Osborn Hancock 65 35.2
Otis Hancock 673 24.8
Otisfield Oxford 1,853 39.9
Owls Head Knox 1,504 8.9
Oxford Oxford 4,229 38.7
Palermo Waldo 1,570 40.5
Palmyra Somerset 1,924 40.2
Paris † Oxford 5,179 40.8
Parkman Piscataquis 747 45.2
Parsonsfield York 1,791 58.9
Passadumkeag Penobscot 356 22.9
Patten Penobscot 881 38.2
Pembroke Washington 788 27.4
Penobscot Hancock 1,136 39.9
Perham Aroostook 371 36.5
Perry Washington 802 29.3
Peru Oxford 1,488 46.7
Phillips Franklin 898 50.8
Phippsburg Sagadahoc 2,155 28.6
Pittsfield Somerset 3,908 48.2
Pittston Kennebec 2,875 32.2
Plymouth Penobscot 1,325 29.7
Poland Androscoggin 5,906 42.2
Portage Lake Aroostook 359 30.8
Porter Oxford 1,600 31.5
Pownal Cumberland 1,566 22.9
Princeton Washington 745 36.9
Prospect Waldo 698 18.1
Randolph Kennebec 1,743 2.1
Rangeley Franklin 1,222 41.5
Raymond Cumberland 4,536 33.2
Readfield Kennebec 2,597 29.2
Richmond Sagadahoc 3,522 30.4
Ripley Somerset 484 24.6
Robbinston Washington 539 28.2
Rockport Knox 3,644 21.6
Rome Kennebec 1,148 25.4
Roque Bluffs Washington 296 10.4
Roxbury Oxford 361 42.9
Rumford Oxford 5,858 68.6
Sabattus Androscoggin 5,044 25.7
Sangerville Piscataquis 1,306 38.4
Scarborough Cumberland 21,982 47.6
Searsmont Waldo 1,400 37.7
Searsport Waldo 2,649 28.7
Sebago Cumberland 1,911 32.8
Sebec Piscataquis 665 36.8
Sedgwick Hancock 1,202 27.0
Shapleigh York 2,921 38.8
Sherman Aroostook 815 40
Shirley Piscataquis 251 53.3
Sidney Kennebec 4,645 42.3
Skowhegan † Somerset 8,620 58.9
Smithfield Somerset 925 19.9
Smyrna Aroostook 439 35.1
Solon Somerset 978 39.7
Somerville Lincoln 600 21.9
Sorrento Hancock 279 4.0
South Berwick York 7,467 32.1
South Bristol Lincoln 1,127 13.1
South Thomaston Knox 1,511 11.4
Southport Lincoln 622 5.4
Southwest Harbor Hancock 1,756 13.5
Springfield Penobscot 293 38.5
St. Agatha Aroostook 730 29.5
St. Albans Somerset 2,045 44.8
St. Francis Aroostook 438 30.0
St. George Knox 2,594 25.0
Stacyville Penobscot 380 39.5
Standish Cumberland 10,244 59.0
Starks Somerset 593 31.6
Stetson Penobscot 1,186 35.0
Steuben Washington 1,129 43.0
Stockholm Aroostook 250 34.2
Stockton Springs Waldo 1,533 19.6
Stoneham Oxford 261 33.8
Stonington Hancock 1,056 9.8
Stow Oxford 393 24.3
Strong Franklin 1,122 28.4
Sullivan Hancock 1,219 26.7
Sumner Oxford 994 44.3
Surry Hancock 1,623 37.0
Swan's Island Hancock 355 12.4
Swanville Waldo 1,377 19.7
Sweden Oxford 406 28.8
Talmadge Washington 70 37.8
Temple Franklin 527 35.5
Thomaston Knox 2,739 10.9
Thorndike Waldo 774 25.3
Topsfield Washington 179 50.1
Topsham Sagadahoc 9,560 32.2
Tremont Hancock 1,544 16.8
Trenton Hancock 1,584 18.1
Troy Waldo 1,018 34.9
Turner Androscoggin 5,817 59.3
Union Knox 2,383 32.2
Unity Waldo 2,292 39.4
Upton Oxford 69 39.5
Van Buren Aroostook 2,038 33.8
Vanceboro Washington 102 20.1
Vassalboro Kennebec 4,520 44.3
Veazie Penobscot 1,814 3.0
Verona Island Hancock 507 6.2
Vienna Kennebec 578 24.3
Vinalhaven Knox 1,279 23.5
Wade Aroostook 299 36.1
Waite Washington 66 44.0
Waldo Waldo 795 19.3
Waldoboro Lincoln 5,154 71.5
Wales Androscoggin 1,608 16.0
Wallagrass Aroostook 519 40.1
Waltham Hancock 332 29.7
Warren Knox 4,865 46.5
Washburn Aroostook 1,527 34.2
Washington Knox 1,592 38.0
Waterboro York 7,936 55.3
Waterford Oxford 1,570 50.2
Wayne Kennebec 1,129 19.3
Weld Franklin 376 59.5
Wellington Piscataquis 229 39.9
Wells York 11,314 57.6
Wesley Washington 122 49.9
West Bath Sagadahoc 1,910 11.8
West Gardiner Kennebec 3,671 24.6
West Paris Oxford 1,766 24.2
Westfield Aroostook 455 40.3
Westmanland Aroostook 79 35.6
Weston Aroostook 245 30.6
Westport Island Lincoln 719 8.8
Whitefield Lincoln 2,408 46.8
Whiting Washington 482 46.7
Whitneyville Washington 202 14.9
Willimantic Piscataquis 134 43.2
Wilton Franklin 3,835 41.3
Windham Cumberland 18,434 46.6
Windsor Kennebec 2,632 34.7
Winn Penobscot 399 43.7
Winslow Kennebec 7,948 36.8
Winter Harbor Hancock 461 14.4
Winterport Waldo 3,817 35.5
Winthrop Kennebec 6,121 31.2
Wiscasset † Lincoln 3,742 24.6
Woodland Aroostook 1,217 35.3
Woodstock Oxford 1,352 45.7
Woodville Penobscot 201 42.7
Woolwich Sagadahoc 3,068 35.1
Yarmouth Cumberland 8,990 13.3
York York 13,723 54.7

List of plantations[edit]

In Maine, a plantation is an organized form of municipal self-government similar to but with less power than a town or a city. One difference is that plantations cannot make local ordinances. Unlike towns or cities, with few exceptions, this type of municipality usually includes the word Plantation as part of its full name, which is also commonly used locally. There are some exceptions such as Monhegan Island Plantation, which is most commonly known as Monhegan.

Plantation County Population Land area (sq mi)
2020 Census 2010 Census
Baring Plantation Washington 201 251 20.9
Brighton Plantation Somerset 62 70 39.3
Carroll Plantation Penobscot 138 153 43.9
Coplin Plantation Franklin 131 166 33.1
Cyr Plantation Aroostook 78 103 38.3
Dallas Plantation Franklin 304 309 39.0
Dennistown Somerset 61 33 38.8
Drew Plantation Penobscot 26 46 38.0
Garfield Plantation Aroostook 79 81 38.3
Glenwood Plantation Aroostook 5 3 38.1
Grand Lake Stream Washington 125 109 44.2
Highland Plantation Somerset 52 73 42
Kingsbury Plantation Piscataquis 28 28 44.1
Lake View Plantation Piscataquis 150 89 41.5
Lincoln Plantation Oxford 41 45 32.5
Macwahoc Plantation Aroostook 62 79 29.4
Matinicus Isle Knox 53 74 2.3
Monhegan Lincoln 64 69 0.9
Moro Aroostook 44 38 35.4
Nashville Plantation Aroostook 27 46 35.2
Pleasant Ridge Plantation Somerset 85 93 22.0
Rangeley Plantation Franklin 184 189 40.7
Reed Plantation Aroostook 129 161 59.0
Saint John Plantation Aroostook 263 267 50.3
Sandy River Plantation Franklin 128 133 34.1
Seboeis Plantation Penobscot 40 35 40.0
The Forks Plantation Somerset 48 37 39.6
Webster Plantation Penobscot 68 85 36.6
West Forks Somerset 58 60 48.9
Winterville Plantation Aroostook 194 224 35.6

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State — P900lace and (in selected states) County Subdivision". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  2. ^ "Maine: 2010 Population and Housing Unit Counts 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. III-2. Retrieved August 25, 2016.

External links[edit]