Magdalena Andersson

Magdalena Andersson
Magdalena Andersson 2017 (cropped).jpg
Andersson in 2017
Prime Minister of Sweden
Assumed office
30 November 2021
MonarchCarl XVI Gustaf
DeputyMorgan Johansson
Preceded byStefan Löfven
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
Assumed office
4 November 2021
Secretary GeneralTobias Baudin
Preceded byStefan Löfven
Minister for Finance
In office
3 October 2014 – 30 November 2021
Prime MinisterStefan Löfven
Preceded byAnders Borg
Succeeded byMikael Damberg
Member of the Riksdag
Assumed office
29 September 2014
ConstituencyStockholm County
Personal details
Born
Eva Magdalena Andersson

(1967-01-23) 23 January 1967 (age 54)
Uppsala, Sweden
Political partySocial Democrats
Spouse(s)
(m. 1997)
Children2
EducationStockholm School of Economics

Eva Magdalena Andersson (born 23 January 1967) is a Swedish politician and economist serving as prime minister of Sweden since 30 November 2021,[1] and as leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party since 4 November 2021.

Andersson joined the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League in 1983. In 1992 she earned a masters degree in economics from the Stockholm School of Economics. She served as an adviser and director of planning in Göran Persson's administration and as an adviser to Mona Sahlin. After the 2014 election, Andersson was elected to the Riksdag and became finance minister in Stefan Löfven's administration. When Löfven announced his plans to step down in August 2021, she was regarded as the main candidate to succeed him. Soon after that, she was elected leader of the Social Democratic Party.

Andersson was elected prime minister of Sweden by the Riksdag on 29 November 2021.[2] Previously, on 24 November, Andersson had been elected to that position but resigned after an announcement by her coalition partner, the Green Party, that they were leaving the government in response to losing the annual budget vote in the Riksdag to the conservative opposition. Andersson assumed the office of Prime Minister on 30 November and was then confirmed as Sweden's first elected female head of government.

Early life and education[edit]

Andersson is the only child of Göran Andersson (1936–2002), a lecturer in statistics at Uppsala University, and teacher Birgitta Andersson (b. 1939, née Grunell).[3] Andersson was an elite swimmer in her youth.[4][5]

During her high school years, Andersson studied social sciences at the Cathedral School in Uppsala. She graduated in 1987 with top grades in all but one class.[6]

After graduating from high school, Andersson moved to Stockholm to study at the Stockholm School of Economics,[7] where she graduated in 1992 with a master's degree in economics. She started her doctorate in economics at the Stockholm School of Economics from 1992 to 1995, but ended before completing the degree. As part of her doctoral studies, she studied abroad at the Institute of Advanced Studies in Vienna during autumn 1994 and at Harvard University during spring 1995.[8]

Andersson joined the Social Democratic Youth League (SSU) in 1983, during her first year of secondary school.[9] In 1987, she was elected president of the Uppsala section of SSU.[10]

Career[edit]

Advisor and civil servant[edit]

After completing her studies in economics, Andersson gained employment in the Prime Minister's Office as a political adviser to Göran Persson from 1996 to 1998, and later served as Director of Planning from 1998 to 2004. She then spent time in the civil service, working as Secretary of state in the Ministry of Finance from 2004 to 2006, before leaving to become a political adviser again, this time to Opposition Leader Mona Sahlin, from 2007 to 2009. She left this role when the Government nominated her for Chief Director of the Swedish Tax Agency, a position she held until 2012. She resigned upon her adoption as a Social Democratic candidate ahead of the 2014 general election.[11]

Minister for Finance[edit]

Andersson with her first government budget (known as nådiga luntan) outside the Parliament on 23 October 2014

After the Social Democratic victory in the 2014 Swedish general election in which Andersson was elected as a member of the Riksdag, she was appointed as the Minister for Finance by new prime minister Stefan Löfven in his cabinet.[12] As a result of coalition negotiations, while Andersson had overall responsibility for the Finance Ministry, Per Bolund was given responsibility for the oversight of financial markets and consumer protection as the Minister for Financial Markets.[13] Andersson was reappointed as Finance Minister by Löfven following the 2018 election.[14]

In 2020, members of the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC), the primary policy advisory committee of the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), chose Andersson to serve as chair of the committee for a term of three years.[15] She became the first European in that role after more than a decade, as well as the first woman to hold that position.[16]

In August 2021, Prime Minister Stefan Löfven announced he would resign as party leader at the Social Democratic Party Congress in November 2021.[17] Andersson was quickly regarded by many as the candidate most likely to succeed him, and on 29 September, the Social Democratic Party nominating committee announced that Andersson had been chosen as leader-designate ahead of the congress; should the designation be accepted by the Riksdag, Andersson would become leader and Sweden's first female Prime Minister.[18][19]

Leader of the Social Democratic Party[edit]

Andersson was elected Leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party on 4 November 2021,[20][21] becoming the party's second female leader after Mona Sahlin.[5]

On 10 November 2021, the incumbent prime minister Stefan Löfven formally resigned from office.[22] As part of the 2021 Swedish government formation, the Speaker of the Riksdag held talks with all party leaders on 11 November 2021 and shortly after tasked Andersson with forming a government, giving her one week.[23] On 23 November 2021, it was announced that Andersson had reached an agreement with the Left Party to support her at the upcoming prime ministerial vote. With the Centre Party having previously agreed to support her, Andersson had the support of the required number of MPs to become Sweden's next prime minister.[24]

Prime Minister of Sweden[edit]

On 24 November 2021, Andersson was elected Sweden's prime minister by the Riksdag.[25][26] At the time of her election, she would have assumed office formally on 26 November 2021.[27][28] Although she did not receive a majority of "yes" votes, a majority did not vote against her due to abstentions. Under Sweden's principles of "negative parliamentarism," since a majority was not opposed to Andersson's nomination, this was sufficient to elect her prime minister.[25]

A few hours after Andersson's election, her budget was defeated in the Riksdag.[29] The opposition budget passed instead. Since the opposition budget was drafted with the support of the right-wing populist Sweden Democrats, the Green Party pulled out of the coalition rather than be bound to govern under it,[30] leading Andersson to resign before taking office.[31][32] This was based on the convention that a prime minister should resign if a party leaves the governing coalition.[33] She notified Speaker Andreas Norlén that she would be interested in leading a Social Democratic single-party government.[25][34][30]

On 29 November 2021, Andersson was elected prime minister again by a narrow margin of two votes.[35][36] This was expected after all parties that supported her in the first vote (the Centre Party, the Green Party, and the Left Party), indicated their willingness to support her when the Riksdag took another vote.[37][38][39] On 30 November, Andersson and her administration formally assumed office when they met in council with King Carl XVI Gustaf and he announced them.[40][41] Andersson is Sweden's first female prime minister,[25][42][43] and the country's first female head of government since Queen Ulrika Eleonora abdicated in 1720.

Other roles[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Since 1997, Andersson has been married to Richard Friberg, a professor in economics at the Stockholm School of Economics; they have two children.[51] She and her husband are avid outdoors people; they often go hiking, kayaking and mountaineering.[52] Andersson resides in Nacka, Stockholm.[53]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sweden's lawmakers elect the country's first female prime minister—again". CNN. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  2. ^ "Sweden elects Andersson as first female PM for second time in a week". France 24. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  3. ^ Lagercrantz, Hemmets Journal | Victoria. "Magdalena Andersson om sorgen efter pappa Göran". Hemmets Journal. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  4. ^ "Jag tycker om att prestera!" [I like to perform] (in Swedish). Civilekonomen. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  5. ^ a b "The "most stingy finance minister in the EU" may become Sweden's first female prime minister" (in Swedish). Yle. 24 August 2021. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  6. ^ "Hon vill vara bäst i klassen – och älskar doften av strid" [She wants to be at the top of the class – and loves the smell of battle]. Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 13 August 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  7. ^ "Låt inte kön avgöra valet" [Do not let gender determine the choice of Prime Minister] (in Swedish). Smålandsposten. 23 August 2021. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  8. ^ "Ett komplement till en god välfärdsstad" [A complement to a good welfare state] (in Swedish). Expressen. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  9. ^ "Magdalena Andersson tackar ja: Väldigt hedrad" [Magdalena Andersson says yes: Deeply honored]. Västerbottens-Kuriren. 29 September 2021. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  10. ^ Nyheter, S.V.T.; Carlbaum, Julia (10 September 2021). "Länets socialdemokrater vill ha Magdalena Andersson som ny ledare". SVT Nyheter. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  11. ^ Falkirk, John (30 September 2021). "Magdalena Andersson: Jag har rökt marijuana". Expressen (in Swedish). Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  12. ^ Orange, Richard (28 August 2021). "Sweden lines up Magdalena Andersson to be its first woman prime minister". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  13. ^ Kroet, Cynthia (6 October 2014), "Löfven unveils Swedish government", European Voice. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  14. ^ "SSE alum and Minister for Finance Magdalena Andersson visited SSE". hhs.se. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  15. ^ "IMFC Selects Sweden's Minister for Finance Magdalena Andersson as New Chair". IMF. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  16. ^ "IMF steering committee names Swedish finance minister as next chair". Reuters. 17 December 2020. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  17. ^ Lindeberg, Rafaela (29 September 2021). "Sweden's Finance Chief Nominated to Become First Female PM". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  18. ^ Nyheter, S. V. T.; Schau, Oscar; Knutson, Mats (29 September 2021). "Valberedningen föreslår Magdalena Andersson". SVT Nyheter (in Swedish). SVT. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  19. ^ Milne, Richard (29 September 2021), "Finance minister on course to become Sweden’s first female PM", Financial Times. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  20. ^ Dutt, Sujay (4 November 2021). "Magdalena Andersson elected as new Social Democrat leader". Sveriges Radio. Retrieved 23 November 2021.
  21. ^ "Magdalena Andersson set to become Sweden's first female Prime Minister". Euronews. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  22. ^ "Swedish PM resigns, finance minister likely successor". Reuters. 10 November 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  23. ^ "Swedish Fin Min Andersson handed task of forming new government". Reuters. 9 November 2021. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  24. ^ Nyheter, S. V. T.; Fors, Ebba (23 November 2021). "Regeringen och Vänsterpartiet överens – V släpper fram Andersson som statsminister" [Government and Left Party agree – Left Party will allow Andersson as Prime Minister]. SVT Nyheter (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  25. ^ a b c d "Sweden's first female PM resigns hours after appointment". BBC News. 24 November 2021. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  26. ^ "Sweden's Andersson elected as nation's first woman PM". France 24. 24 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  27. ^ "Magdalena Andersson becomes Sweden's first female prime minister". The Local Sweden. 24 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  28. ^ Tanaka, Sofia (22 November 2021). "S-ledaren hos talmannen – har hon stöd för en regering?" [S-leader with the Speaker of the Riksdag – does she have enough support to form a government?]. Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  29. ^ "Omröstning om ny statsminister". SVT Nyheter (in Swedish). 11 November 2021. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  30. ^ a b Fors, Ebba (24 November 2021). "Miljöpartiet lämnar regeringen – ny statsministeromröstning kan vänta" (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. Archived from the original on 24 November 2021. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  31. ^ "Sweden's first female prime minister resigns after less than 12 hours". The Guardian. 24 November 2021. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  32. ^ "So… who is the prime minister of Sweden right now?". The Local Sweden. 26 November 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  33. ^ "How Magdalena Andersson became Sweden's first female PM twice". 1 December 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2021 – via BBC News.
  34. ^ "Magdalena Andersson (S) väljer att avgå" (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. 24 November 2021. Archived from the original on 24 November 2021. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  35. ^ "Magdalena Andersson chosen as Sweden's first female PM... again". euronews. 29 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  36. ^ "Magdalena Andersson Elected As Sweden's First Woman Prime Minister Again". NDTV.com. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  37. ^ Nyheter, S. V. T. (25 November 2021). "Talmannen: Ny omröstning om Andersson (S) på måndag". SVT Nyheter (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  38. ^ "'Var Andersson någonsin statsminister?' – frågor och svar om regeringsbildningen" (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. 24 November 2021. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  39. ^ "Talmannen: Ny omröstning om Andersson (S) på måndag". Sveriges Television (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. 25 November 2021. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  40. ^ "Här är alla ministrar i Anderssons regering". SVT Nyheter (in Swedish). 30 November 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  41. ^ "KEY POINTS: Everything you need to know about Sweden's new government". The Local. 30 November 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  42. ^ Associated Press (4 November 2021). "Finance chief Andersson tapped to be Sweden's 1st female PM". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  43. ^ "Magdalena Andersson: Sweden's first female PM returns after resignation". 29 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021 – via BBC News.
  44. ^ Board of Governors Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). Retrieved 1 November 2021
  45. ^ Board of Governors European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). 1 November 2021
  46. ^ Board of Governors: Magdalena Andersson European Investment Bank (EIB). 1 November 2021
  47. ^ Board of Governors Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), World Bank Group. 1 November 2021
  48. ^ Board of Governors Archived 29 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine Nordic Investment Bank (NIB). 1 November 2021
  49. ^ Board of Governors World Bank. 1 November 2021
  50. ^ "Curriculum Vitae Minister for Finance Magdalena Andersson" (PDF). government.se. Government of Sweden. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  51. ^ "Magdalena Andersson about the grief after father Göran Andersson" (in Swedish). Hemmets Journal. 15 July 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  52. ^ "Magdalena Andersson: Hidden privacy with her husband and children". california18.com. 18 September 2021. Retrieved 23 November 2021.
  53. ^ Regeringskansliet, Regeringen och (9 July 2021). "CV Magdalena Andersson". Regeringskansliet. Retrieved 29 November 2021.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Minister for Finance
2014–2021
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Sweden
2021–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Social Democratic Party
2021–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence
Preceded byas Speaker of the Riksdag Swedish order of precedence
as Prime Minister
Succeeded byas Marshal of the Realm[citation needed]