Fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Eupleridae
Subfamily: Euplerinae
Chenu, 1850
Euplerinae range.png
Euplerinae range

Euplerinae, more commonly known as malagasy civets, is a subfamily of carnivorans that includes four species restricted to Madagascar. Together with the subfamily Galidiinae, which also only occurs on Madagascar, it forms the family Eupleridae. Members of this subfamily, which include the fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox), falanoucs (Eupleres goudotii and Eupleres major) and Malagasy civet (Fossa fossana), were placed in families like Felidae and Viverridae before genetic data indicated their consanguinity with other Madagascar carnivorans. Within the subfamily, the falanouc and Malagasy civet are more closely related to each other than to the fossa.[1]


Subamily Euplerinae
Genus Species Image
Cryptoprocta (Bennett, 1833) Cryptoprocta Ferox.JPG
Eupleres (Doyère, 1835) Falanouc.jpg
Fossa (Gray, 1864) Malagasy civet (F. fossana) Spotted fanaloka (Fossa fossana).jpg

Phylogenetic tree[edit]

The phylogenetic relationships of Malagasy civets (Euplerinae) are shown in the following cladogram:[2]


Eupleres major (Western falanouc)

Eupleres goudotii (Eastern falanouc)


Cryptoprocta ferox (Fossa)

Cryptoprocta spelea (Giant fossa)


Fossa fossana (Malagasy civet)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532–628. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Yoder, A.D.; Burns, M.M.; Zehr, S.; Delefosse, T.; Veron, G.; Goodman, S.M.; Flynn, J.J. (2003). "Single origin of Malagasy Carnivora from an African ancestor" (PDF). Nature. 421 (6924): 734–737. Bibcode:2003Natur.421..734Y. doi:10.1038/nature01303. PMID 12610623. S2CID 4404379. Retrieved 19 May 2010.