Saharan striped polecat

Saharan striped polecat
Ictonyx libyca multivittata.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Mustelidae
Genus: Ictonyx
Species:
I. libycus
Binomial name
Ictonyx libycus
Saharan Striped Polecat area.png
Saharan striped polecat range

The Saharan striped polecat (Ictonyx libycus), also known as the Saharan striped weasel, is a species of mammal in the family Mustelidae.[1] This animal is sometimes characterized as being a part of the genus Poecilictis, and its coloration resembles that of the striped polecat.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

The Saharan striped polecat is striped white in a random fashion and has black feet, legs, ears, and undersides. Often, a white ring goes around the face and above a black snout. They are sometimes confused with the striped polecat, though are generally smaller and have distinct facial markings. It is about 55–70 cm (22–28 in) in length, including tail and generally weighs between 0.5 and 0.75 kg (1.1 and 1.7 lb).[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Saharan striped polecat is distributed around the northern and southern edges of the Sahara in Mauritania, Western Sahara and Morocco in the west along the Mediterranean littoral of North Africa to the Nile Valley in Egypt, while in the south its range is the Sahel east to Sudan and Djibouti.[1] The Saharan striped polecat lives on the margins of deserts, especially in mountains, in arid, stony terrain and sandy semi-deserts, rarely in woodlands, and prefers steppe-like habitat.[4]

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

Saharan striped polecat

The Saharan striped polecat is nocturnal and solitary. It hides during the day in other animals' burrows or digs its own. It generally gives birth to one to three young in spring.[3] It moves about at night in the open in a quite deliberate way, with its tail held vertically.[4] It is known to spray a foul, skunk-like anal emission when threatened.[5] Before releasing the anal emission, it raises its fur in an attempt to warn the potential attacker.[6]

Diet[edit]

It eats primarily eggs, small birds, small mammals, and lizards.[6] Much of its prey is tracked down by scent and dug out of burrows, and although it is normally a slow, deliberate mover, it can move quite rapidly and pounce quickly when pursuing prey.[4]

Reproduction[edit]

It generally gives birth to one to three young in spring.[3]

Threats[edit]

In Tunisia, Saharan striped polecats are often caught and exploited because of the tribal belief that they may increase male fertility.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

  • I. l. libycus
  • I. l. multivittatus
  • I. l. oralis
  • I. l. rothschildi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ahmim, M.; Do Linh San, E. (2015). "Ictonyx libycus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T41645A45212347. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T41645A45212347.en. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  2. ^ Ball, M. (1978). "Reproduction in captive-born zorillas". International Zoo Yearbook. 18 (1): 140–143. doi:10.1111/j.1748-1090.1978.tb00245.x.
  3. ^ a b c Hoath, R. (2009). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Egypt. Egypt: The American University in Cairo Press. pp. 82–84. ISBN 9789774162541.
  4. ^ a b c Kingdon, J. (1997). The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-12-408355-4.
  5. ^ Newman, C.; Buesching, C.D. & Wolff, J.O. (2005). The function of facial masks in midguild carnivores (PDF). Oikos. 108. pp. 623–633. JSTOR 3548808.
  6. ^ a b Hoath, R. (2009). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Egypt. Egypt: The American University in Cairo Press. p. 83. ISBN 9789774162541.